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Juneteenth Facts: Raise Your Flags!

Pan African Flag

Date of Creation/Adoption: 1920

Creator: Marcus Garvey


Each color of the flag represents something different:

  • Red (1st stripe) - the blood that unites all people of Black African ancestry and shed for liberation.
  • Black (2nd stripe) - the people whose existence as a nation, though not a nation-state, is affirmed by the existence of the flag.
  • Green (3rd & final stripe) - the abundant and vibrant natural wealth of Africa, the Motherland.


  • The Pan-African flag is a representation of freedom for Black Americans.
  • This flag was created to give Black people in America and the world over a symbol that unifies the African Diaspora.
  • It is a reminder that despite the progress made, there is still a long road to equity.
  • The Pan-African flag, has also been called the Marcus Garvey, UNIA, Afro-American or Black Liberation flag
  • The banner was adopted by the Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) at a conference in New York City in 1920.

Juneteenth Flag

Date of Creation/Adoption: 1977

Creator: Ben Haith


Each symbol on the flag represents something different:

  • Star - dual symbolism for Texas, "The Lone Star State, which is the state where the last remaining slaves were freed from bondage AND also meant to represent African-American freedom throughout the 50 states
  • Burst - inspired by novas, which is the process from which new stars are born. A nova on the Juneteenth flag is meant to show a new beginning for African-Americans
  • Arc - Meant as a new horizon, which means future opportunities
  • The colors of the flag, red, white, and blue, pay homage to the American flag, as slaves and their descendants are still Americans.


  • Represents freedom of enslaved people amongst all 50 states.
  • Juneteenth marks our country’s second independence day
  • In 1979, Texas became the first state to make Juneteenth an official holiday
  • Juneteenth is considered the longest-running African American holiday

Work Cited

  • Donnella, Leah. “On Flag Day, Remembering The Red, Black And Green.” NPR, NPR, 14 June 2017,
  • Gault, Alex. “Watertown Raises Pan-African Flag to Commemorate Juneteenth for First Time.” NNY360, 21 June 2021, 
  • Illsley, C.L. “What Does the Pan-African Flag Look like?” WorldAtlas, WorldAtlas, 12 July 2018, 
  • Kaur, Harmeet. “The Juneteenth Flag Is Full of Symbols. Here's What They Mean.” CNNCable News Network, 19 June 2021, 

Keywords: celebrate, Celebration, Flag, flags, freedom, History, Juneteenth, Juneteenth Celebration, Juneteenth Flag, liberty, Pan African Flag, Pan-African Flag

Posted in Common Sense Media